Analysis of Grave International Humanitarian Law Violations During the first 48 hours of Russia’s Attack on Ukraine

On 24 February 2022, the Russian Federation initiated military operations against Ukraine, supposedly aimed at “demilitarising” and “denazifying” the neighbouring state, according to Russian President Vladimir Putin. Artillery rounds and rockets were fired at numerous targets, while motorised and airborne troops advanced into Ukrainian territory from multiple directions, including from Belarus. The invasion has met stiff resistance from the Ukrainian Armed Forces and the Russian Army is apparently sustaining heavy casualties.

Since the onset of Putin’s war against Ukraine, 198 civilians have been killed, three of them children. In addition, 1,115 civilians, including 33 children, have been injured by the Russian forces in the course of hostilities, according to Viktor Lyashko, Ukraine’s Minister of Health.

Truth Hounds and International Partnership for Human Rights (IPHR), CSP member organisations, present an analysis of grave international humanitarian law violations during the first 48 hours of Russia’s blatant attack on Ukraine. Truth Hounds have been documenting international crimes committed by all actors during the armed conflict in and occupation of parts of Ukraine’s territory since 2014. They have made submissions to the International Criminal Court, and provided analytical reports to national investigative authorities, including the Office of the Prosecutor General of Ukraine. The team has continued documenting war crimes during the current large-scale wave of aggression. Truth Hounds documenters are currently working in several cities affected by the invasion across central, northern, eastern, and southern Ukraine. We also maintain a wide network of informers on the ground, including relatives and friends, who provide the latest up- to-date information.


The analytical brief is primarily based on open sources, verified by IPHR's analysts.

Download the analysis here


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