Azerbaijan’s human rights crackdown is inconsistent with chairmanship of the Council of Europe

Civil society of Azerbaijan urge the Council of Europe to take Azerbaijan to task for its failure to protect basic human rights. Azerbaijan's human rights record is inconsistent with standards embraced by the pan-European human rights organization, the Council of Europe, and so its chairmanship, which will start in May, risks undermining the integrity of the institution's human rights principles.

Council of Europe (CoE) member states have undertaken to respect fundamental freedoms. We are aware that democracy is in poor health in several other member countries, and all eyes are now on Russia. However, Azerbaijan is in particularly serious and constant breach of its binding and fundamental commitments to ensure freedoms of expression, assembly and association.

When Azerbaijan assumes the chairmanship on May 16, the CoE and the public will look to it to embody and project CoE values. So far, the government has created a difficult environment for human rights that is out of line with CoE standards and inconsistent with leadership of an organization grounded in human rights principles.

In November 2013, the Council of Europe's human rights commissioner, Nils Muiznieks called on Azerbaijan’s government to fully respect freedom of expression and assembly before its six-month chairmanship of the Council of Europe begins in May.

"I would hope that in the coming months, in the run-up to Azerbaijan's chairmanship of the Council of Europe, that the [Azerbaijani] leadership will see it as being in their interest to move forward on some of these issues because I think people want to see concrete progress on human rights, both in the context of the chairmanship and also surrounding the discussions about an action plan in cooperation with the Council of Europe," Muiznieks told RFE/RL.

Instead of heeding this call, the authorities have acted the other way round. The clampdown on freedom of expression, assembly, and association has accelerated in the months preceding the country’s chairmanship of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe.

The journalists, bloggers and human rights defenders and protesters who have expressed critical or opposing opinions have continued to be arrested, detained and/or imprisoned. They are regularly harassed and subject to attacks while carrying out their work.

On March 17, two political activists, Ilgar Mammadov and Tofig Yagublu were sentenced to a lengthy prison term on fabricated charges, simply for being critical of the government. The U.S. Embassy in Baku, UK Foreign Commonwealth Office, the EU and French Ministry of Foreign Affairs strongly denounced the verdict and recognized it as “politically motivated”.

Anar Mammadli, chairman of the Election Monitoring and Democracy Studies Centre (EMDSC), a leading independent election monitoring group in Azerbaijan that has been observing elections in the country for more than 12 years, has been in pretrial custody since December 2013 under bogus charges of tax evasion, illegal entrepreneurship, abuse of office, service forgery and appropriation or plunder of property. If convicted he may face up to 12-year imprisonment.

The EMDSC closely monitored Azerbaijan’s October 9 presidential election and concluded that it was neither free nor fair. The organization documented extensive fraud on election day, as well as politically motivated arrests and prosecutions in the months before the vote. Other independent observers, including the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, also found that the elections failed to meet international standards.

There are at least 17 prisoners of conscience in Azerbaijan, recognized as such by Amnesty International, imprisoned solely in connection with their attempts to peacefully exercise their right to freedom of expression.

In recent months, the Azerbaijani government has also introduced several new pieces of legislation that violate international standards, notably amendments to the Law on Assembly and the Law on Non-Governmental Organizations. These have had a negative impact on Azerbaijan’s civil society and its ability to speak out against human rights abuses.

We are concerned by laws which restrict civil society and which have been used to justify the wave of crackdownonhuman rights civil society organizations.

We are concerned by the arbitrary arrest, detention, and prosecution of peaceful protesters, journalists, bloggers, youth and opposition activists, and reports of their ill-treatment in detention and prisons.

We are concerned by an environment in which laws are used to arbitrarily restrict freedoms of expression, assembly, and association.

We call on the government of Azerbaijan to carry out quickly and consistently the human rights reforms that it has promised the CoE it will make and that  are required of it as an CoE member. As an urgent step to be taken before the chairmanship the government should immediately release all prisoners of conscience; drop all charges against them.


  1. Akif Gurbanov, Democratic Initiatives Institute
  2. Asabali Mustafayev, Democracy and Human Rights Resource Center
  3. Aytəkin  Imranova, Islam, Democracy and Human Rights Center
  4. Aynur Imranova, Support for Development of Democracy and Media      
  5. Bashir Suleymanli, Election Monitoring and Democracy Studies Center
  6. Bakhtiyar Hajiyev, Positive Change Youth Movement
  7. Elchin Abdullayev, Democratic Institutions and Human Rights Public Union
  8. Emin Huseynov, Institute for Reporters’ Freedom and Safety
  9. Emin Aslanov, lawyer
  10. Fuad Hasanov, Democracy Monitor
  11. Gulnara Akhundova, Rights advocate
  12. Hafiz Hasanov, Law and Development Public Association
  13. Hasan Huseynli, Intelligent Citizen Enlightenment Center
  14. Intigam Aliyev, Legal Education Society
  15. Idrak Abbasov, Institute of Extreme Journalism
  16. Ilgar Huseynli, Social Strategic Studies and Analytically Investigations Center
  17. Khadija Ismayilova, journalist
  18. Leyla Yunus, Institute for Peace and Democracy
  19. Leila Alieva, Center for National and International Studies
  20. Mammad Mammadzade, Rights advocate
  21. Mehman Aliyev, Turan Information Agency
  22. Mehriban Vezir, Institute for Media and Democracy
  23. Mirvari Gahramanli, Committee to Protect Oil Workers
  24. Nasrulla Nurullayev, Chairman, Care for the elderly intellectuals
  25. Rafik Tamrazov, Center of Equal Opportunities
  26. Rashid Hacili, Media Rights Institute 
  27. Rasul Jafarov, Legal Protection and Awareness Society
  28. Razi Nurullayev, "Region" International Analytical Center
  29. Rovshan Hajiyev, Democratic Journalism School
  30. Ogtay Gulaliyev, Society for Democratic Reforms
  31. Sedaget Pashayeva, Rights advocate
  32. Samir Kazimli, Alliance for Protection of Political Freedoms
  33. Samir Aliyev, Center For Support For Economic Initiatives
  34. Shahin Hajiyev, Najaf Najafov Fund
  35. Sevil Yuzbashova, Eco-World Public Union
  36. Shaban Nasirov, Head of Human Rights -2003 Public Union
  37. Ulvi Hasanliyouth activist
  38. Yashar Jafarli, Retired Officers Public Union 
  39. Zohrab Ismayil, Public Association for Assistance to Free Economy