Analytical Report "Business and Human Rights in Times of Global Emergencies: State Obligation to Protect"

The Kharkiv Regional Foundation "Public Alternative", member of the Civic Solidarity Platform, and the International Lab on Business and Human Rights (Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Kharkiv, Ukraine) issued an analytical report "Business and Human Rights in Times of Global Emergencies: State Obligation to Protect". 

The publication provides an overview of the key principles of the state’s fulfillment of the positive obligation to protect human rights from violations by business during the crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic: the constitutional procedure of state’s using emergency powers in times of crisis; balancing the need to ensure public health and human rights protection; balancing the competing rights of non-state actors with taking into account the concept of the right to security as freedom from fear and freedom from want; implementation international human rights law requirement on restriction of human rights, including the derogation from international human rights obligations.

The second part of the publication is an overview of the results of a survey on the implementation of the obligation to protect human rights from business violations by various countries around the world during the COVID-19 pandemic. It identifies the main regulatory models that states use to fulfill their obligation to protect human rights from business violations.

Full version of the report can be accessed HERE. Language of the report is Ukrainian. A summary in English is available on pp. 39-57.